Survey Plans: Series II


The second or ‘re-printed’ series of the surveys was planned under a number of chapter and section headings. These are considerably more expansive than the original questions, including sections on the character of farmers, mode of payment and exchange, political economy, and legislation. “PERFECTION in such inquiries is not in the power of any body of men to obtain at once, whatever may be the extent of their views or the vigour of their exertion,” qualified the Board, recognising the diversity of these fields and the challenge of obtaining reliable specialist reports covering such a wide range of topics.

The following list is taken from Smith’s General View of the Agriculture of the County of Argyle (1805) p. viii-xi.

CHAP. I. Geographical State and Circumstances.

  1. Situation and Extent.
  2. Divisions.
  3. Climate.
  4. Soil and Surface.
  5. Minerals.
  6. Water.

CHAP. II. State of Property.

  1. Estates, and their Management.
  2. Tenures.

CHAP. III. Buildings.

  1. Houses of Proprietors.
  2. Farm Houses and Offices, and Repairs.
  3. Cottages.

CHAP. IV: Mode of Occupation.

  1. Size of Farms. Character of Farmers.
  2. Rent – in money – in kind – in personal services.
  3. Tithes.
  4. Poor Rates.
  5. Leases.
  6. Expenses and Profits.

CHAP. V. Implements.

CHAP. VI Enclosing-Fences-Gates.

CHAP. VII. Arable Land.

  1. Tillage.
  2. Fallowing.
  3. Rotation of Crops.
  4. Crops commonly cultivated, such as Corn, Pulse, Artificial Grasses ; their Seed, Cul-ture, Produce, & ct.
  5. Crops not commonly cultivated.

CHAP. VIII. Grass.

  1. Natural Meadows and Pastures.
  2. Hay Harvest.
  3. Feeding.

CHAP. IX. Gardens and Orchards.

CHAP. X. Woods and Plantations.

CHAP. XI. Wastes.

CHAP. XII. Improvements.

  1. Draining.
  2. Paring and Burning.
  3. Manuring.
  4. Weeding.
  5. Watering.

CHAP. XIII. Live Stock.

  1. Cattle.
  2. Sheep.
  3. Horses, and their Use in Husbandry, compared to Oxen.
  4. Hogs.
  5. Rabbits.
  6. Poultry.
  7. Pigeons.
  8. Bees.

CHAP. XIV. Rural Economy.

  1. Labour—Servants—Labourers—Hours of Labour.
  2. Provisions.
  3. Fuel.

CHAP. XIV. Political Economy as Connected with or affecting Agriculture.

  1.  Roads
  2. Canals
  3. Fairs
  4. Weekly markets
  5. Commerce
  6. Manufacturers
  7. Poor
  8. Population

CHAP. XVI. Obstacles to Improvement; including General Observations on Agricultural Legislation and Police.

CHAP. XVII. Miscellaneous Observations.

  1. Agricultural Societies.
  2. Weights and Measures.
  3. Supply of London.
  4. Experimental Farm.

CONCLUSION. Means of Improvement, and the Measures calculated for that Purpose.